ADHD Q & A
What is ADHD?
ADHD, or attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, can occur in adults and children. It’s a chronic condition that makes paying attention, focusing, and thriving in everyday situations difficult.
ADHD is also associated with impulsive behavior and problems with social relationships. Treatment can restore you or your child’s quality of life.
What are the symptoms of ADHD?
ADHD symptoms are often apparent before age 12. They might be mild, moderate, or severe. The following signs and symptoms are associated with ADHD:
- Careless mistakes at work or school
- Difficulty paying attention or following through with tasks
- Appearing not to listen when spoken to
- Losing items easily
- Being distracted often
- Forgetting daily activities
- Fidgeting or squirming while seated
- Being in constant motion
- Difficulty working quietly
- Blurting out answers at school, interrupting, or talking too much
Symptoms of ADHD include problems with focus and hyperactivity. Attention deficit disorder (ADD) is ADHD without hyperactivity.
What causes ADHD?
The cause of ADHD is unknown but may be associated with genetics, central nervous system problems, or environmental factors. Risk factors for developing ADHD include:
- Family history of ADHD
- Drugs, alcohol, or smoking during pregnancy
- Exposure to lead or other environmental toxins
- Premature birth
Complications associated with ADHD can include problems in the classroom, poor grades, injuries, accidents, low self-esteem, difficulty interacting with other people, and a higher risk of drug or alcohol abuse.